FLOORS 101: More Things To Know About Floors

BENEFITS

Reclaimed or Anique Hardwood


  • Durability.
    • Reclaimed wood is up to 40 points harder on the Janka hardness scale than virgin wood because it often comes from old-growth trees instead of first-generation forests.
    • Untouched by de-forestation and disease, vintage wood has a chemical composition that is denser and therefore stronger.
  • Eco-Friendly. By decreasing the demand for newly sourced lumber, also curb deforestation.
  • Available in planks that are longer and/or wider than those manufactured today.
  • Also available in Prefinished Engineered variety




Solid Hardwood / Custom Jobsite Finished


  • A classic. Considered to be the "gold standard" in flooring.
  • Solid Investment.
  • Hypoallergenic.
  • Endurance
    • Long lifespan – can last for decades.
    • Can be re-sanded and finished several times
  • Produces a good solid floor structurally.
  • Has a solid sound and feel underfoot.
  • Variety.
    • Extensive Decorative Options:
      • Lengths
      • Widths.
      • Texture
      • Color
        • Species
        • Stains
      • Protective Finish – Sheen Level
    • Cuts.
      • Quarter Sawn
      • Rift and Quartered
      • Live Sawn
      • Skip Sawn
      • Plain Sawn
    • Grades




Prefinished Solid Hardwood


  • A classic. Considered to be the "gold standard" in flooring.
  • Prefinished at the factory
    • No dust or fume factors involved in installation, which is quicker than jobsite finished installation.
      • Can be walked on right after installation
    • UV-cured aluminum oxide urethane finish provides a much stronger, harder finish than jobsite applied finishes
    • Same look as jobsite finished Classic Solid Hardwood Flooring
    • Manufacturer warranty – Range from 10- to 50- Year+ Warranties
  • Endurance
    • Long lifespan – can last for decades.
    • Can be re-sanded and finished several times
  • Variety. Good assortment of species, stain colors, finishes, sizes and custom features like distressing / hand-scraping
  • Solid Investment.
  • Produces a good solid floor structurally.
    • Has a solid sound and feel underfoot.
  • Hypoallergenic.




Engineered Hardwood


  • Can be less expensive than Solid Hardwood Flooring
    • Until you get into premium collections, which may offer even better durability, have a thicker wear layer that allows for more sanding and refinishing, or have unique designs.
  • Prefinished at the factory (typically)
    • No dust or fume factors involved in installation, which is quicker than jobsite finished.
      • Can be walked on right after installation
    • UV-cured aluminum oxide urethane finish provides a much harder finish
    • Manufacturer warranty – Range from 10- to 50- Year+ Warranties
  • Variety.
    • Myriad of beautiful designs & species available
      • Offers most of the same design options as solid.
      • Also provides designs that are only possible with engineered wood, such as softer exotic species, specialty textures, certain surface treatments, color effects and extra-wide planks.
    • Also available in unfinished wood strips to allow for custom staining and a choice of a polyurethane or wax finish
  • Eco-friendly: uses less of the tree
  • Hypoallergenic




Luxury Vinyl Tile - LVT


  • Durable, low maintenance, and easier on the budget than its hardwood counterparts.
    • Withstands water, and it doesn't easily dent, scratch, stain or fade.
    • Long-lasting performance – endures heavy foot and rolling load traffic
    • Many vinyl flooring options are imbued with antimicrobial protection to resist bacteria, mold, and mildew.
  • Variety:
    • Extensive options:
      • Wide assortment of colors
      • Different levels of gloss
      • Modular flexibility, including large format shapes and sizes
      • Brings realism to every design with high fidelity printing techniques and proprietary embossing methods - surfaces look and feel more authentic than ever.
        • Wood
          • Designed to closely resemble hardwood, vinyl planks come in the same size as wood planks and boast realistic features such as texturing and beveled edges
        • Slate
        • Leather
        • Stone
  • Resilient
    • Comfortable and soft underfoot – easy to stand on for long periods
    • Warmer to the touch than hard surfaces like tile
  • Sustainable:
    • Manufacturer Warranty: 25-years+
    • Recyclable




Carpet


  • Generally less expensive than Solid Hardwood Flooring
  • Variety. Available in a wide variety of colors, patterns, textures, etc.
  • Pile. The fibers on a carpet or area rug that are woven as loops into the rug’s backing.
Compare piles at www.floorsetc.info/CarpetPiles
  • Fibers.
Compare fibers at www.floorsetc.info/CarpetFibers
  • Advanced Generation Nylons (Branded Fiber)
    These fibers have a specific brand name and are manufactured to a strict set of standards and offer better performance, stain, static, and crush resistance. The fibers have been specially treated with stain and soil resistant resins, applied during the dyeing process. We feature the following branded fibers:
    • R2X® by Shaw
    • Everstrand® by Mohawk
    • Smartstrand® by Mohawk
      When you purchase a carpet made with any of these fibers, you’ll get a comprehensive warranty from the manufacturer. Ask your Floors Etc. expert for more information about
  • Safety and Comfort.
  • Slip-resistant; easy to stand on; and great for children to play on.
  • Good thermal and acoustic insulator.
    • Because carpet fibers hold heat, this floor surface insulates up to 17X better than other surfaces, reducing energy bills.
  • USA!
    • Ninety percent of the U.S. carpet market is supplied by mills in Georgia.
  • Eco-Friendliness
    • Manufacturers are taking steps toward greener production, from reducing greenhouse emissions to extending carpets' longevity to reduce waste.
    • The industry is minimizing environmental impact by recycling carpet at the end of its life, whether into new carpet or other products, such as roofing shingles and automotive parts.
    • Some manufacturers are making carpet fibers from recycled soda and water bottles. The bottles are sorted, ground into chips, and cleaned; the chips are then melted, extruded into fiber, and spun into carpet yarn.
    • Other carpet fibers are crafted from corn sugar.




Bamboo


  • Cost Effective. Less expensive than traditional hardwoods (solid and engineered)
    • Provides the look of wood without compromising with manufactured imitation
  • Durable: With a hardness equal to oak, can stand up to kids and pets
  • Healthy: Allergy resistant; sanitary; resistant to insect infestations.
  • Eco-Friendly: Short growth / harvest cycle makes it highly renewable / sustainable
  • Refinishing. Surface can be sanded and refinished. The number of times depends on the thickness of planks.




Cork


  • Generally less expensive than Hardwood Flooring
  • Warm: natural thermal insulation properties make them pleasantly warm all year round.
  • Comfortable: inherent elasticity softens the strain on feet, joints and back
  • Quiet: reduces sound transmission to create a more peaceful environment
  • Durable: can withstand years of wear and still look great
    • Cork handles every day wear much better than carpet or hardwood
      • NOTE: This does not mean it is indestructible – see Drawbacks.
    • Natural Resistances: insect and fire
  • Healthy: mildew and mold resistant, plus it contains natural anti-microbial properties (i.e: repels dirt, dander, and dust mites) thereby creating a healthier, more hygienic, and hypoallergenic environment
  • Eco-Friendly: cork trees are not damaged during their harvest, making this a 100% environmentally sustainable product





DRAWBACKS

Solid Hardwood / Custom Jobsite Finished


  • Cannot be installed below grade or in damp spaces
  • Installation process is:
    • Longer than other flooring types
    • Loud
    • Messy
    • Produces Fumes
  • Susceptible to sunlight / UV rays – hardwood can fade when exposed to direct sunlight




Reclaimed or Anitique Hardwood


  • Cost and Availability. The process to locate, salvage, recover and mill this limited resource requires a lot of labor and time.
    • With an increasing demand and decreasing supply, the price of reclaimed and antique hardwood flooring is among the highest of options – and also one of the most beautiful.




Prefinished Solid Hardwood


Variety. While sound, there is simply no comparison to the virtually limitless selection of style choices provided with Jobsite Finished Hardwood Floors.




Engineered Hardwood


  • Can sound more hollow when you walk on it, especially if you opt for a floating installation.
    • Premium engineered collections are a bit thicker, which will lessen hollow sounds
    • Stapling planks down can make them sound more solid.
  • Can only be refinished a limited number of times.
    • However, Prefinished Engineered Hardwood Floors are quite durable
  • Can be difficult to repair when damaged (replacing boards usually being the best option) – Floors Etc. always recommends purchasing 2-3 extra cartons to have on hand for future repair needs.




Luxury Vinyl Tile - LVT


  • Even the best LVT is unlikely to be mistaken for the material it's imitating.
  • Minimal return on investment.
  • Can be difficult to repair:
    • Susceptible to:
      • Fading – caused by direct sunlight
      • Denting – caused by heavy furniture / appliances
    • Floors Etc. always recommends purchasing 2-3 extra cartons to have on hand for future repair needs.




Carpet


  • Relatively high-maintenance floor covering
    • Doesn't last as long as hard surfaces.
    • Some carpets can soil easily




Bamboo


  • Variety
  • Shows Damage. When bamboo does scratch or dent, the damage is obvious.
  • Sensitive to Moisture. Excessive water can cause warping, cracking mold, etc.
  • No True Grading System:
    • There is no independent system that is used to rate the quality of bamboo materials.
      • Retailers will often sort lots into grade A and grade B materials – arbitrary system
      • Imperative to work with quality, reputable flooring company, like Floors Etc., to ensure that you are getting top-quality materials (same page hyperlink)
  • Emission of VOCs: The adhesive used during manufacturing (same page hyperlink) can release volatile organic chemicals into the air of an interior space over time. Most bamboo floors have this adhesive in them, although the level of adhesive used, and the amount of VOC’s emitted will vary depending on how the planks are manufactured.
    • Floors Etc. ensures that all products we use have the lowest known VOC emissions.




Cork


  • Sensitive to Temperature. reacts to changes in humidity and temperature. Cork is a bit more stable than traditional hardwood as it expands in all directions as opposed to one
  • Sensitive to UV Rays. Direct sunlight will cause fading.
  • Damage.
    • Scratches, Gouge Marks, Scuffs, etc.: caused by dirt / sand, pet nails, high heels, etc. (hyperlink to maintenance)
    • Dents: heavy furniture may leave indents in your flooring after time. (hyperlink maintenance)
  • Absorbs Liquid. Even with proper sealing, liquids can find their way through cracks and leave behind water rings or spots – especially susceptible to damage at the gaps where the planks click-together (re: floating floor installation).





THE ESSENTIALS

Solid Hardwood / Custom Jobsite Finished


  • Best for:
    • Any room except full baths or laundry rooms.
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes
  • Installation. Must be nailed or stapled to screeds or wooden subfloor.




Prefinished Solid Hardwood


  • Best for:
    • Any room except full baths or laundry rooms.
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes
  • Installation. Must be nailed or stapled to screeds or wooden subfloor.




Engineered Hardwood


  • Best for:
    • Any room except full baths or laundry rooms.
    • Projects where your hardwood needs to match the height of an adjoining floor or accommodate a thin space beneath kitchen appliances (slightly thinner than most solid hardwood)
    • Rooms with relatively high humidity (kitchens, powder rooms, over concrete subfloors, etc.)

DISCLAIMER: Relative humidity must fall between 35% and 65% for successful long-term installation.

  • Installation. Can be glued or floated over dry concrete slabs or a plywood base. Can also be stapled to plywood base.
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care




Reclaimed or Anique Hardwood


  • Best for:
    • Any room except full baths or laundry rooms.
    • Perfect for matching or repairing existing vintage wood floors.
      • We find wood the same age & species as the wood in your home, so when sanded and stained, the match is perfect
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes
  • Installation.
    • Solid: Must be nailed or stapled to screeds or wooden subfloor.
    • Prefinished Engineered: Can be glued or floated over dry concrete slabs or a plywood base. Can also be stapled to plywood base.




Luxury Vinyl Tile - LVT


  • Best for: Any room—there are no restrictions.
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Extremely!
    • Stands up to toddlers’ toys, general roughhousing, and pets' nails and messes better than most surfaces
    • Comfortable for kids to play on and pets to walk and sleep on
  • Maintenance and Care
    • Remember: Not your grandmother’s vinyl – no waxing and/or polishing required!
  • Installation. Can be installed over most existing hard surface floors.
  • Underlayment Needed? Yes




Carpet


TIP: Choose a stain- and soil-resistant style to simplify maintenance.

  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.

TIP: Carpet is most prone to damage from messes and traffic, so choose a style that is durable, and stain treated, won't snag claws, and disguises pet hair.

More Things To Consider
  • ​Shorter Is Stronger
    Shorter pile rugs will, as a rule, last a bit longer than longer piles.
    They are also easier to care for, as they can be more easily vacuumed.
  • Dense Is Durable
    The denser the pile the better the quality
    How do you check the density?
    Bend a corner of the carpet and see how much backing shows. The more backing you see, the less dense and durable the carpet.
  • Pile Heights vary
    • Low: less than 1/4″
    • Medium: 4″ to 1/2″
    • Plush: 1/2″ to 3/4″
  • Clean with Care
    Longer-and/or loose piles can get caught in the rotating beater bar of your vacuum cleaner, causing damage. Floors Etc. recommends using one without a beater bar turning it off while using it.




Bamboo


  • Ideal for:
    • Contemporary Decors (minimal grain – consistent color)
    • High Traffic Areas
    • Play Areas
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care
  • Installation. Can be floated (or glued) over dry, concrete slabs or a plywood base.
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes




Cork


  • Ideal for:
    • Gyms and Play Areas
    • Offices and Media Rooms (anti-static)
    • Rooms for children and/or the elderly
  • Kid and Pet Friendly? Moderately.
    • More Tips:
      • Use area rugs in children’s rooms and playrooms for cozy comfort
      • Provide soft mats or pet beds where dogs can lie down comfortably.
  • Maintenance and Care
  • Installation. Can be floated (or glued) over dry, concrete slabs or a plywood base.
  • Underlayment Needed? Sometimes





HOW IT'S MADE

Solid Hardwood / Custom Jobsite Finished


A simple process: Planks are constructed and milled from one solid piece of 100% hardwood, which comes from harvested trees. See Variety for different Cuts and Grades (insert same page hyperlink).




Reclaimed or Anique Hardwood


  • Reclaimed/Antique Wood Sources. Construction Material = Virgin Wood:
    • Factories
    • Old Barns
    • Retired Ships
    • Stock Farms
    • Warehouses
    • Wine Casts
    • Etc.
  • Reclaimed/Antique Wood Species available:
    • Antique Oak
    • Heart Pine
    • Barnwood
    • Rustic
    • Hickory
    • Wormy Chestnut
    • Rock Elm
    • Heart Cypress
    • Pecky Cypress
    • Tank
    • Redwood
    • Douglas Fir
    • Etc.




Engineered Hardwood


Engineered wood is constructed of several layers, or plies that are glued together in a cross-grain construction, making it more structurally sound and dimensionally stable than solid hardwood. The top layer is made of real wood—in a species of the customer’s choice. The core layer consists of thin, stacked high-density boards. This stacking design defends against the effects of humidity and temperature, allowing each board to naturally expand and contract so it is less likely to buckle, gap, cup or warp.




Laminate


Laminate flooring is constructed of four layers of material fused together at high temperatures:

  1. Wear Layer - easy to clean; contains aluminum oxide and melamine - protects the floors from stains, fading, and wear
  2. Image Design Layer - a high-resolution photo of the surface it's emulating (wood, stone, etc.)
  3. Inner Core Layer - a dense core board made of high density fiberboard - provides structural strength and stability
  4. Backing Layer - found beneath innder core - made with resin saturated paper - creates a protective moisture barrier




Luxury Vinyl Tile - LVT


Vinyl is composed of four layers:

  1. protective urethane topcoat
  2. protective clear vinyl layer
  3. printed design layer
  4. felt, cork, or fiberglass backing
LVT – a type of solid vinyl flooring – has a decorative printed film layer that is attached to a vinyl backing and from the top it’s protected with a resilient wear layer.​




Carpet


Carpet is constructed by weaving a synthetic or staple fiber into a primary backing material (typically a woven polypropylene). These fibers are woven in loops or piles that are either cut or uncut. Over ninety percent of all of the carpet made today is made up of synthetic fiber.




Bamboo


Harvested from bamboo grass, which replaces itself every 5-7 years. Bamboo floor planks are manufactured by slicing or shredding the stalk of the bamboo grass plant and then adhering the pieces back together using heat, pressure, and a resin-based adhesive.




Cork


Cork is harvested from the bark of the Cork Oak tree otherwise known as Quercus Suberus – this is done without causing any damage to the tree, itself. These trees grow along the border of the Mediterranean Sea and can regenerate after every harvest. The first harvest takes place when the tree is approximately 20 years old. Subsequent bark removal occurs every 9 years – up to 15 times per lifetime. These trees can live up to two centuries.




Tile and Stone


  • Tile: comes from kiln firing, a classic production method.
  • Stone: comes from the earth ( the best manufacturer)





BRANDS WE TRUST

Carpet


Looking for a carpet manufacturer that's not listed...ask us!




Tile and Stone


  • Daltile
  • Emser
  • Inter Ceramic
  • Master Tile
  • Mohawk
  • Shaw





Reviews...

Very Professional and always willing to go the extra mile to help out a client. I have used them twice. Once to install new carpet and this past July to refinish some hardwood stairs. They are considerate of your time, their product is top quality and their price is fair. I will use them again when needed.

Very Professional

I had a great experience with Floors Etcetera. They refinished my floors, and they did an excellent job—double excellent. I'd recommend them to anybody. It was A-quality work.

Great Experience

I had an absolutely positive experience with them. I would say Floors Etcetera is A+. I've already recommended them.

Already recommended them

It was pretty much effortless for us. They brought samples, measured, and laid 1,500 square feet of carpet. They're an A.

They're an A

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Floors Etcetera, Inc. | DBA: Floors Etc. | 713-880-8888 | MyFloors@floorsEtc.com